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Showing 7 results for Oryan

Vaezi Gholamhasan, Shahrbanoo Oryan, Masoud Fereidoni, Leila Etemadi, Fereshte Manafi,
Volume 11, Issue 2 (Summer 2007)
Abstract

Based on the extensive application of Peganum harmala (P.h) seeds in the Asian traditional medicine, we tried to investigate its possible anxiety effect. Method: The effect of P.h. extract inhalation was evaluated in adult male rats using elevated plus-maze apparatus. The humidity of prepared ethanol extract was 37%. Animals in different groups (n=6) received 2, 4, 6, 12 or 18 gr/ml doses of the extract using Nebulizer. harmaline drug (0.13 gr/ml) was used as positive control drug. Results: Compared with saline treated group, harmaline as the positive control significantly caused fear in rats as it was shown by increased time spent in closed arm of plus-maze (p< 0.05). Also, ethanol extract of P.h was able to show anxiety effect at doses 6, 12 and 18 mg/ml (p <0.05). Conclusion: Our data showed effective anxiety effect of ethanol extract of Peganum harmala. Its effect should be considered in the context of its extensive usage in the men daily life. More studies are required to elucidate its mechanism and site of action.
Shahrbanoo Oryan, Kazem Parivar, Masoumeh Asl-Rousta,
Volume 12, Issue 2 (Summer 2008)
Abstract

Introduction: Tamoxifen is a nonstroidal antiestrogen prescribed for treatment of breast cancer. The aim of this study was to investigate the effect of tamoxifen on testosterone level in the serum and sperm count in the epididymis of adult male Wistar rats. Methods: Three groups of rats received 200, 400 and 600 µg/kg body weight tamoxifen dissolved in solvent (60% ethanol in physiological solution) for 30 consecutive days. The sham group received the solvent and controls did not receive any drug or solvent. 1, 12 and 36 days after treatment, serum testosterone was measured by radioimmunoassay and sperm numbers in the epididymis were counted. Results: Results showed that testosterone concentration in the serum and sperm count in the epididymis significantly decreased in groups which received tamoxifen compared with the control group. The most profound effects were observed in the first samplings of the group which received 600 µg / kg tamoxifen. Conclusion: These findings indicate that tamoxifen decreases the fertilization ability in adult male rats in a dose dependent manner and this effect disappears after a period of time.
Zeinab Sharifkhodaei, Nasser Naghdi, Shahrbanoo Oryan, Parichehr Yaghmaei,
Volume 12, Issue 4 (Winter 2009)
Abstract

Introduction: Neurohormones like testosterone and estradiol have an important role in learning and memory. The hippocampus is essentially involved in learning and memory, and is known to be a target for estradiol actions. Estrogen receptors (ERs) are highly expressed in CA1 of rat hippocampus, and mediate the effects of estrogen on learning and memory. Estradiol receptor belong to a family of transcription factors, the nuclear receptor superfamily, and has two subtypes ER and ER. The current research has been conducted to assess the effect of ER selective agonist, diarylpropionitrile (DPN), on passive avoidance of adult male rats, by using passive avoidance task.

Methods: Male adult rats were bilaterally cannulated into the CA1 area of hippocampus, and then received vehicle (dimethyl sulfoxide, DMSO) or DPN (0.2, 0.5, 1 micro-g/0.5 micro-l/side), 30 min before training on passive avoidance task.

Results: The results showed that pre-training intra-CA1 injections of DPN (0.5, 1 micro-g/0.5 micro-l/side), significantly decreased step-through latencies and increased time spent in dark on passive avoidance learning (P<0.01).

Conclusion: Our data suggest that intra-CA1 administration of DPN could impair learning and memory acquisition on passive avoidance task. 


Reihaneh Hoveida, Hojjatalah Alaei, Shahrbanoo Oryan, Hplamreza Ghavipanjeh,
Volume 13, Issue 3 (Fall 2009)
Abstract

Introduction: Previous studies have shown that exercise enhances cognitive and functional capacities in patients with Alzheimer's disease (AD). In this study, we investigated the effect of long-term (60 days) and short- term (10 days) exercise on the spatial memory deficits in an animal model of AD. Methods: Fifty male rats were divided into 5 groups 1) intact, 2) sham, 3) sham-Alzheimer 4) Alzheimer-short term exercise and 5) Alzheimer-long term exercise. For spatial task evaluation, all groups were tested 5 days in a repeated-acquisition Morris water maze (MWM) tank task, and then tested in a probe trial, in which no escape platform was present, 1 week and 1 month later. Alzheimer’s disease was induced by bilateral lesioning of nucleus basalis magnocellularis (NBM) in rats and they were checked by MWM task. Alzheimer-short term exercise and Alzheimerlong term exercise groups were trained in treadmill and then were tested for 1 session in MWM tank task. Results: Analysis of data showed that the time spent in the goal zone of the MWM tank during the 60 sec probe trial were significantly different in sham and Alzheimer groups (p<0.001). There was a significant difference in memory before and after short term exercise (p<0.001) and long term exercise (p<0.001) in Alzheimer groups. Conclusion: These data suggest that short-term and long-term treadmill running exercise improved spatial memory deficits in an animal model of AD. Keywords: Alzheimer's disease, spatial memory, exercise, Nucleus Basalis Magnocellularis.
Nasrin-Sadat Azami, Morteza Piri, Mehrdad Jahanshahi, Shahrbanoo Oryan, Vahab Babapour, Mohamad Reza Zarrindast,
Volume 14, Issue 1 (Spring 2010)
Abstract

Introduction: Similarities in the memory impairment between Alzheimer patients and scopolamine treated animals have been reported. In the present study, the possible role of α-adrenergic receptors of the dorsal hippocampus on scopolamine state-dependent memory in adult male Wistar rats was evaluated. Methods: The animals were bilaterally implanted with chronic cannulae in the CA1 regions of the dorsal hippocampus, trained in a step-through type inhibitory avoidance task, and tested 24 h after training to measure stepthrough latency. Results: Post-training intra-CA1 administration of scopolamine (0.5 and 2μg/rat) dose-dependently reduced the step-through latency, showing an amnestic response. Amnesia produced by post-training scopolamine (2 μg/rat) was reversed by pre-test administration of the scopolamine (0.5 and 2 μg/rat) that is due to a state-dependent effect. Pre-test intra-CA1 injection of α1-adrenoceptor agonist, phenylephrine (0.25, 0.5 μg/rat) in the dose range that we used, could not affect memory impairment induced by post-training injection of scopolamine (2 μg/rat). However intra-CA1 pretest injection of α2-adrenoceptor agonist, clonidine (0.5 μg/rat) improved post-training scopolamine (2 μg/rat) intra- CA1 injection induced retrieval impairment. Furthermore, pre-test intra-CA1 microinjection of phenylephrine (0.25 and 0.5 μg/rat) or clonidine (0.25 and 0.5 μg/rat) with an ineffective dose of scopolamine (0.25 μg/rat), synergistically improved memory performance impaired by post-training scopolamine (2 μg/rat). Our results also showed that, pre-test injection of α1-receptor antagonist prazosin (1, 2 μg/rat) or α2-receptors antagonist yohimbine (1, 2 μg/rat) before effective dose of scopolamine (2 μg/rat) prevented the improvement of memory by pre-test scopolamine. Conclusion: These results suggest that α1- and α2-adrenergic receptors of the dorsal hippocampal CA1 region may play an important role in scopolamine-induced amnesia and scopolamine state-dependent memory.
Azam Mansoori, Shahrebanoo Oryan, Mehdi Nematbakhsh,
Volume 18, Issue 4 (Winter 2015)
Abstract

Introduction: Renin angiotensin system has an important role in blood pressure and renal functions. Active angiotensin-converting enzyme 2 converts angiotensin I into angiotensin-(1-7) which is a vasodilator hormone and interacts with nitric oxide changes as well as other angiotensin II receptors. In this study we evaluated the role of Mas receptor antagonist (A779) and renal perfusion pressure (RPP) on serum nitric oxide metabolite (nitrite) concentration when angiotensin II receptors (AT1R & AT2R) were blocked. Methods: After angiotensin II receptors blockage in anesthetized male and female rats, RPP was maintained at two levels 80 & 100 mmHg by occluder around aorta above the renal arteries, and the effects of placebo and A779 on concentration of serum nitrite level were studied. Results: The results showed that when angiotensin II receptors were blocked, the serum level of nitrite in both sexes, was not dependent on angiotensin-(1-7) receptor and did not change statistically, but by increasing renal perfusion pressure and in the presence of angiotensin-(1-7) receptor the serum level of nitrite increased significantly (p<0.05) in male rats but not in female rats. Conclusion: Using angiotensin II receptors blockades and by increase of RPP, the serum level of nitrite is sexrelated. This study showed the importance of Mas receptor in male sex when AT1R & AT2R were blocked.
Vahid Azizi, Shahrbanoo Oryan, Homayoun Khazali, Abdolkarim Hosseini,
Volume 20, Issue 4 (December 2016)
Abstract

Introduction: Numerous studies have demonstrated that kisspeptin, a peptide from the KISS1 gene, plays an important role in regulating the secretion of gonadotropin releasing hormone (GnRH). Also, there is some evidence suggesting that kisspeptin can interact with other neuropeptides for the control of the reproductive axis. In the present study, we have investigated the effect of central administration of either kisspeptin or neuropeptide Y (NPY) or both on the mean plasma testosterone concentration in male rats. Methods: In this experimental study, 66 male Wistar rats were allocated into 11 groups (n=6 per group) receiving saline, kisspeptin (1 nmol), P234 (kisspeptin receptor antagonist, 1 nmol), NPY (2.3 nmol), BIBP3226 (NPY receptor antagonist, 7.8 nmol) or co-administration of them via intracerebroventricular (ICV) injection at 9:00-9:30 A.M. Blood samples were collected at 30 and 60 min following the injections for hormone assay. The serum testosterone concentration was measured using rat testosterone kit and the method of radioimmunoassay. Results: Kisspeptin or NPY injection significantly increased the mean serum testosterone concentration compared to saline at 30 and 60 min postinjection (P<0.001). The co-injection of kisspeptin+NPY considerably raised the mean serum testosterone concentration compared to NPY in both 30 and 60 min after the administration (P<0.001). This study indicates that P234 or BIBP3226 significantly attenuated (P<0.001) the testosterone increase after the kisspeptin injection compared to kisspeptin while a stimulatory increase effect was observed in the kisspeptin groups compared to either NPY or kisspeptin. Conclusion: Based upon the results, NPY may modulate the testosterone secretion indirectly via the kisspeptin signaling system.



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