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Narges-Al-Sadat Mojabi, Akram Eidi, Mohammad Kamalinejad, Ali Khoshbaten, Ali Noroozzadeh, Hedayat Sahraei, Farial Khamseh, Farzaneh Zighimat,
Volume 12, Issue 2 (Summer 2008)

Background: Previous studies have confirm the effects of water extract of Crocus sativus on the euphoric and behavioral properties of morphine in mice. Objective: In the present study, the effects of intra-accumbal administration of alcohol extract of Crocus sativus stigma on the acquisition and expression of morphine-induced conditioned place preference (CPP) in male Wistar rats (250-300 g) were investigated. Material and Methods: This experimental study was conducted on the 78 male rats that were divided in 18 groups (n=6/group). In a pilot study, different doses of morphine (0.5, 1, 2.5, 5, 7.5 and 10 mg/kg) were injected to the animals for evaluation of the drug's ability to induction of place preference. In the second phase of the experiments, the extract of the C. sativus (1, 5 and 10 µg/rat), was administered into the nucleus accumbens shell during or after induction of morphine CPP. Then, CPP were tested in the animals. One-way Analysis of Variance (ANOVA) was proformed for statistical procedure. Results: Administration of morphine (0.5, 1, 5, 7.5 and 10 mg/kg), indcreased the time spend in the compartment paired with morphine (i.e. conditioned place preference-CPP). The increament was significant for the dose 10 mg/kg of morphine. Injection of the same doses of the extract (1, 5 and 10 µg/rat) 5 min before morphine (10 mg/kg) administration, caused a decrease in the time spent in drug-paired side in doses 5 and 10 µg/rat of the extract. In addition, injection of the plant extract (1, 5 and 10 µg/rat) in to the shell part of nucleus accumbens in the test day to the animals in which reveived morphine (10 mg/kg) in the conditioning days decreased the expression of morphine CPP in the animals which was statisticaly significant for doses 5 and 10 µg/rat of the extract. Conclusion: It could be concluded that intra-accumbens shell compartment njection of the alcoholic extract of C sativus can inhibit the acquisition and expression of morphine-induced CPP and shift it to the aversive state in rats. .

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