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Showing 3 results for Ghorbani

Parviz Ghorbani Moghadam, Mohammad Mohammad-Zadeh,, Javad Mirnajafi-Zadeh, Yaghub Fathollahi,
Volume 10, Issue 3 (Fall 2006)
Abstract

Introduction: Electrical low-frequency stimulation (LFS) has antiepileptic effect, but the role of different stimulation parameters on this effect has not been determined. In this study the effect of different LFS parameters (intensity, pulse duration and train duration) on piriform-cortex kindled seizures was investigated. Methods: Seizure was produced in animals using kindling model of epilepsy. Then, the effect of LFS on seizure severity was investigated. Results: Different patterns of LFS (1 Hz) applied immediately before kindling stimulation in fully kindled animals, had no significant effect on seizure parameters. In the second experiment, effect of LFS (1 Hz) on inter-seizure interval was investigated. Data showed that daily stimulation of animals for 15 min with LFS for one week after the last kindling stimulation reduced significantly stage 5 seizure duration. Application of the same LFS protocols for three days and two weeks had no significant effect on seizure parameters. In the third experiment, effect of LFS (1 Hz) on kindling rate was investigated. Results showed that when LFS was delivered daily after each kindling stimulation it could decrease afterdischarge duration in various days during kindling and delayed the appearance of seizure stages 1 and 2 significantly. Conclusion: It may be concluded that LFS has antiepileptic effects on kindling acquisition and inter-seizure interval in kindled animals and that the characteristics of LFS protocol (intensity, pulse duration and train duration) have an essential role on these effects.
Mohammad Mohammad-Zadeh, Javad Mirnajafi-Zadeh, Yaghoub Fathollahi, Mohammad Javan, Parviz Ghorbani,
Volume 11, Issue 2 (Summer 2007)
Abstract

Introduction: Previous studies have been shown that low frequency stimulation (LFS) has an inhibitory effect on kindling acquisition. However, the mechanism of this effect has not been completely determined. In the present study, the effect of LFS of the perforant path on seizures induced by rapid perforant path kindling was investigated. Methods: Animals were kindled by electrical stimulation of perforant path. One group of animals (n=6) received LFS (0.1 ms pulses at 1 Hz, 200 pulse, and 50-150 µA) after termination of each kindling stimulations. In control groups, animals received only kindling stimulations (n=8) or LFS (n=4). Basal field potential recording and paired pulse stimulations were done before kindling stimulations every days. Results: Application of LFS significantly retarded the kindling acquisition and increased the number of stimulations to achieve different seizure stages [F(4,60)=10.9, P<0.0001]. LFS also prevented increment of slope of field excitatory postsynaptic potentials and population spike amplitude during kindling (P<0.001) (There was %88.6±1.7 increment in fEPSP and %94±2.3 increment in PS in kindled group and %3.5±.05 increment in fEPSP and %12.3±0.1 decrease in PS in kindled+LFS group). In addition, LFS prevented the marked increase in early (10-50 ms intervals) and late (300-1000 ms intervals) paired pulse depression induced by kindling significantly (P<0.01). Conclusion: According to obtained results, it may be suggested that LFS of perforant path has a significant antiepileptogenic effect on perforant path kindled seizures through inhibition of synaptic transmission in dentate gyrus. Meanwhile, LFS prevents compensatory increase in the paired pulse depression during kindling acquisition.
Meysam Ghorbani, Parviz Shahabi, Abass Ebrahimi-Kalan, Hamid Soltani-Zangbar, Javad Mahmoudi, Soheila Bani, Behnaz Sadeghzadeh-Oskouei, Yusef Rafiee-Byraami, Omid Salimi,
Volume 22, Issue 4 (December 2018)
Abstract

Introduction: The use of standard rodent model, allows for the understanding of neuronal injury physiopathology and helping development of therapeutic strategies. Because of eliminating technical problems, we designed a modified impactor device with ability to induce different degrees according to kilodyne from very mild to very severe of spinal cord injury (SCI) and traumatic brain injury (TBI) models in rat. Methods: For standardization and determining of optimal performance of the device to induce varying injuries, 47 adult male Wistar rats were used, and 8 different forces were applied in spinal cord and brain tissues. Results: The hematoxylin and eosin and 2, 3, 5-triphenyltetrazolium chloride (TTC) results demonstrated that by increasing the level of forces, histological changes in the spinal cord and brain were significantly enhanced. Different injuries had significant effect on the Basso-Beattie-Brenham and elevated body swing test outcomes, and there were significant differences between groups in comparison with control group. Conclusion: Our results showed that the modified device could be valid to produce precise SCI and TBI models, goal to replicate SCI and TBI in humans as much as possible. However, it might be considered that aspects of SCI and TBI models are complicate and more examination is necessary.


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