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Showing 5 results for Eidi

Vahid Sheibani, Sahel Motaghi, Rasool Farazifard, Hossein JonEidi, Mohammad Reza Afarinesh,
Volume 10, Issue 2 (Summer 2006)
Abstract

Introduction: It is believed that Locus Coeruleus (LC) influences the sensory information processing. However, its role in cortical surround inhibitory mechanism is not understood. In this experiment, using controlled mechanical displacement of whiskers we investigated the effect of phasic electrical stimulation of LC on response of layer V barrel cortical neurons in anesthetized rat. Methods: LC was stimulated 0, 50, 100, 200 and 400ms before principal or adjacent whiskers deflection. For assessing the effect of LC stimulation on inhibitory receptive field of the barrel neurons, adjacent whisker was also deflected 20ms before principal whisker deflection, and LC stimulation was applied 0-400ms before principal whisker displacement. Results: We found that LC stimulation increased the response magnitude of layer V neurons to principal whisker deflection (significance level (p<0.05) at 50-400ms intervals). This increase in response magnitude was observed to adjacent whisker deflection too (significant (p<0.01) at 100ms interval). The response latency of neurons was decreased when LC was stimulated 400ms before principal whisker deflection (p<0.01). LC stimulation did not affect the neuronal response latency to adjacent whisker displacement or spontaneous activity of neurons. Inhibitory effect of adjacent whisker deflection on neuronal response magnitude was increased by LC stimulation when tested when combined whisker displacement. Conclusion: These findings suggest that LC by modulating the neuronal responses enhances the neuronal responsiveness to sensory stimuli and increases their surround inhibition in cortex.
Narges-Al-Sadat Mojabi, Akram Eidi, Mohammad Kamalinejad, Ali Khoshbaten, Ali Noroozzadeh, Hedayat Sahraei, Farial Khamseh, Farzaneh Zighimat,
Volume 12, Issue 2 (Summer 2008)
Abstract

Background: Previous studies have confirm the effects of water extract of Crocus sativus on the euphoric and behavioral properties of morphine in mice. Objective: In the present study, the effects of intra-accumbal administration of alcohol extract of Crocus sativus stigma on the acquisition and expression of morphine-induced conditioned place preference (CPP) in male Wistar rats (250-300 g) were investigated. Material and Methods: This experimental study was conducted on the 78 male rats that were divided in 18 groups (n=6/group). In a pilot study, different doses of morphine (0.5, 1, 2.5, 5, 7.5 and 10 mg/kg) were injected to the animals for evaluation of the drug's ability to induction of place preference. In the second phase of the experiments, the extract of the C. sativus (1, 5 and 10 µg/rat), was administered into the nucleus accumbens shell during or after induction of morphine CPP. Then, CPP were tested in the animals. One-way Analysis of Variance (ANOVA) was proformed for statistical procedure. Results: Administration of morphine (0.5, 1, 5, 7.5 and 10 mg/kg), indcreased the time spend in the compartment paired with morphine (i.e. conditioned place preference-CPP). The increament was significant for the dose 10 mg/kg of morphine. Injection of the same doses of the extract (1, 5 and 10 µg/rat) 5 min before morphine (10 mg/kg) administration, caused a decrease in the time spent in drug-paired side in doses 5 and 10 µg/rat of the extract. In addition, injection of the plant extract (1, 5 and 10 µg/rat) in to the shell part of nucleus accumbens in the test day to the animals in which reveived morphine (10 mg/kg) in the conditioning days decreased the expression of morphine CPP in the animals which was statisticaly significant for doses 5 and 10 µg/rat of the extract. Conclusion: It could be concluded that intra-accumbens shell compartment njection of the alcoholic extract of C sativus can inhibit the acquisition and expression of morphine-induced CPP and shift it to the aversive state in rats. .
Saeed Esmaeili Mahani, Ayat KaEidi,
Volume 16, Issue 2 (Summer 2012)
Abstract

Introduction:Olive leaves have been recommended in the scientific literature and traditional medicine as a cure for the treatment of diabetes and this plant has powerful antioxidants and neuroprotective effects. Here, we studied the possible effects of olive leaf extract (OLE) on motor deficits in diabetic neuropathy. Methods:The rotarod treadmill test was used to access motor coordination in streptozotocin-induced diabetic rats. Different doses of OLE (100, 300 and 500 mg/kg, i.g.) were given. Serum glucose and insulin levels were assessed by specific kits. Results:Four weeks after diabetes induction, glucose level was significantly decreased and insulin concentration increased (P<0.001). The rotarod treadmill test showed a marked impairment of the motor coordination of the diabetic animals (P<0.001). The retention time of the diabetic animals was reduced by 61.2% compared to the control animals, whereas treatment with 300 mg/kg OLE increased retention time to 83.6% of the control values. That dose had a moderate lowering effect on serum glucose with no effect on insulin levels. Conclusion:The results suggest that olive leaf extract has protective effects against high glucose-induced motor defects in diabetic rats.
Svetlana A Ivanova, Olga Yu Fedorenko, Maxim B FrEidin, Valentina M Alifirova, Natalia G Zhukova, Irina A Zhukova, Asmar Fy Al Hadithy, Jacobus Rbj Brouwers, Nikolay A Bokhan, Bob Wilffert, Anton Jm Loonen,
Volume 19, Issue 4 (December 2015)
Abstract

Introduction: Long-term levodopa treatment of Parkinson’s disease (PD) is frequently complicated by spontaneously occurring involuntary muscle movements called dyskinesia. The exact pathological mechanism of this complication has not yet been elucidated. We have previously demonstrated that in PD patients the vulnerability to develop peripheral but not orofacial dyskinesia is associated with the presence of two variants of the GRIN2A gene. Moreover, we have shown that in tardive dyskinesia (TD) orofacial dyskinesia is associated with other polymorphisms as compared with peripheral dyskinesia. In the present study we investigate whether the peripheral versus orofacial nature of levodopa-induced dyskinesia (LID) in PD can be explained by considering polymorphisms for dopaminergic and serotonergic receptors. Materials and Methods: 101 Russian patients with PD (38M/63F) were examined. Genotyping was carried out on 19 SNPs for 3 neurotransmitter genes: 10 SNPs for DRD3 gene (rs11721264, rs167770, rs3773678, rs963468, rs7633291, rs2134655, rs9817063, rs324035, rs1800828, rs167771), 1 SNP for DRD4 gene (rs3758653), and 8 SNPs for HTR2C gene (rs6318, rs5946189, rs569959, rs17326429, rs4911871, rs3813929, rs1801412, rs12858300). Results: Genotyping patients with PD and LID revealed that only rs3773678 (DRD3, dominant, p = 0.042) was associated with orofacial dyskinesia. Conclusion: The findings of the current study are not related to LID in PD itself, but to other forms of orofacial dyskinesia in this patient group.


Olga Yu. Fedorenko, Anton J.m. Loonen, Natalya M. Vyalova, Аnastasiya S. Boiko, Ivan V. Pozhidaev, Diana Z. Osmanova, Lyubov D. Rakhmazova, Nikolay А. Bokhan, Mikhail V. Ivanov, Maxim B. FrEidin, Svetlana А. Ivanova,
Volume 21, Issue 1 (March 2017)
Abstract

Introduction: Hyperprolactinemia is a common serious side effect of antipsychotic medications that are currently used in the treatment of patients with schizophrenia. Pharmacogenetic approaches offer the possibility of identifying patient-specific biomarkers for predicting the risk of this side effect. We investigated a possible relationship between variants (SNPs) in genes for cytochrome 2D6 (CYP2D6), dopamine-2 receptor (DRD2) and serotonin-2C receptor (HTR2C) and antipsychotic drug-induced hyperprolactinemia in patients with schizophrenia. Methods: Overall, 128 Russian patients with paranoid schizophrenia (61F/67M, aged 18-65 y) were included. Serum prolactin concentration was measured with ELISA. DNA analysis and genotyping of CYP2D6 (rs3892097), DRD2 (rs6275) and HTR2C (rs6318) genes was done with StepOnePlus Real-Time PCR System using TaqMan® SNP Genotyping Assays (Applied Biosystems, USA). Results: Our study showed an association of the CYP2D6 (rs3892097) and HTR2C (rs6318) gene polymorphism with hyperprolactinemia in patients with schizophrenia on the background of therapy. No associations were identified between the DRD2 (rs6275) gene polymorphism and the risk of antipsychotic-induced hyperprolactinemia in patients with schizophrenia. Conclusion: Our study confirms a contribution of genetic factors to the antipsychotic-induced hyperprolactinemia in patients with schizophrenia. Further studies are required to unravel the genetic predictors of antipsychotic-induced side effects and to develop the personalized treatment strategies for patients with schizophrenia.



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